The Sources of Kazakhstani Conduct
Robert M. Cutler
policy is shaped by geographical and demographic circumstances, by
patterns of communication,
transport and human settlement. The economy of the western region is
on oil, that of the southern mainly on agriculture, and that of the
northern and central
mainly on extractive industry with some agriculture. The western
region of Kazakhstan brings
out, in Weberian terms, the ‘charismatic’ component of
the southern region, the authoritarian component; and the north-
central region, the
bureaucratic component. The north-central region is the most complex
because it represents the combination
of two distinct overlapping sub-regions. The multiplicity of
bases for Kazakhstani foreign conduct provides an explanation of its
multifarious foreign policies since independence. These policies are
their relation to the social and cultural history in each of the
three identified regions
of the country.
This document is available in full-text.
- The Periodization of
- Geography and
Demography: Essential Sources of
Kazakhstani Foreign Policy
Foreign Policy since the End of
|Suggested citation for
M. Cutler, “[Abstract of] ‘The Sources of Kazakhstani Conduct,’” pp. 63–76 in Continuity and Change in Central and Inner
ed. Michael Gervers and Wayne Schlepp, Toronto Studies in Central
and Inner Asia 5
(Toronto: University of Toronto, Asian Institute, 2002), available at
accessed 22 July 2017.
Text: Copyright © Robert M.
published: 20 July 2007
last modified: 20 July 2007
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